This thesis follows from two observations about education and children: first, that education significantly influences a person’s life chances in terms of labor market success, preparation for democratic citizenship, and general human flourishing; and second, that children’s life chances should not be fixed by certain morally arbitrary circumstances of their birth such as their social class, race, and gender.
But the precise meaning of, and implications for, the ideal of equality of educational opportunity is the subject of substantial disagreement (see Jencks 1988).
These factors are: the central place of education in modern societies and the myriad opportunities it affords; the scarcity of high-quality educational opportunities for many children; and the critical role of the state in providing educational opportunities.
It is therefore relatively uncontroversial to say that education is a highly valuable good to both individuals and to society, especially to democratic societies.
This makes questions about who has access to high-quality educational opportunities, and how educational opportunities should be distributed, particularly important.
This scarcity is evident on several fronts with respect to higher education in the United States, which attracts applicants from all over the world.
There is fierce competition for admission to highly selective colleges and universities in the US that admit fewer than 10% of applicants.
How are organizations striking the balance between new initiatives and cost control?
Download our report to learn about the biggest challenges and how savvy IT executives are overcoming them.When most people think about innovation, they think of companies like Amazon, Facebook, Apple, and Google because those companies appear to have some kind of magic that other organizations lack.If your company wants to make lightning strike repeatedly, consider these points.In this arena, wealthier parents sometimes go to great lengths to bolster their children’s applications by paying for tutoring, extracurricular activities, and admissions coaching—activities that can put applicants without these resources at a significant disadvantage in the admissions process.A more urgent demonstration of the scarcity of educational opportunity in the US and many other societies is evident in how access to high-quality primary and secondary education is effectively limited to children whose families can afford housing in middle-class neighborhoods, or who have access to private schools via tuition or scholarships. This segregation has significant consequences for poor and minority students’ educational opportunity.This entry provides a critical review of the nature and basis of those disagreements.