Blitar, which the seat of the East Java provincial government was attacked by the Dutch. Moerdjani and his staff were forced to flee and joined the guerrillas on the slopes of Mount Willis.
It has a land border only with the province of Central Java to the west; the Java Sea and the Indian Ocean border its northern and southern coasts, respectively, while the narrow Bali Strait to the east separates Java from Bali.
The Dinoyo inscriptions found near the city of Malang are the oldest written sources in East Java, dating from 760 CE.
After that period, Islam began to spread across Java and the Europeans started their colonisation of the Malay archipelago.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the royal government system was abolished, replaced by a system of residency.
Three years later, Tohjaya was killed in the uprising led by Jaya Wisnuwardhana, son of Anusapati.
In 1268, Wisnuwardhana died, and he was succeeded by Kertanegara (1268-1292). Majapahit reached its peak during the reign of Hayam Wuruk. Together they managed to unite the vast territory under the name Dwipantara.
This name is contained in at least one inscription, namely, the Mantyasih inscription written in 907 CE.
In 1222, Ken Arok founded the Kingdom of Singhasari, which he ruled until 1292.
The arrival of Allied forces in Surabaya created tensions with the newly established government of Indonesia, reaching peak on 10 November 1945 where a major battle between the Surabayan residents led by Sutomo and Allied forces.